Macrófitas acuáticas, plantas terrestres y su importancia en el control de los florecimientos de cianobacterias. Una revisión documental. [Aquatic macrophytes, land plants and their importance in controlling cyanobacterial blooms. A documentary review]
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Palabras clave

allelopathic activity
aquatic macrophytes
biological control
land plants
toxic cyanobacteria Cianobacterias tóxicas
control biológico
macrófitas acuáticas
plantas terrestres
actividad alelopática

Cómo citar

Solano Jiménez, R. (2020). Macrófitas acuáticas, plantas terrestres y su importancia en el control de los florecimientos de cianobacterias. Una revisión documental. [Aquatic macrophytes, land plants and their importance in controlling cyanobacterial blooms. A documentary review]. Ecocience International Journal, 2(3), 38-53. https://doi.org/10.35766/je20235

Resumen

Los florecimientos de cianobacterias tóxicas son una amenaza para la salud de los ecosistemas acuáticos y de los seres humanos en todo el mundo. En el presente trabajo, mediante un análisis documental, se cuantificó el número de las plantas acuáticas y terrestres reportadas para control de estos florecimientos y las metodologías que se utilizan para determinar la actividad alelopática, con el objetivo de proporcionar a los investigadores un panorama general de los avances realizados en la última década. Se identificaron 74 especies de plantas, 44 macrófitas acuáticas y 30 terrestres. Según la CE50, los compuestos puros son más eficientes que los extractos crudos, con la desventaja de ser más costosos. Finalmente, se determinó que existen 4 técnicas para analizar la actividad alelopática de las plantas sobre las cianobacterias, siendo la experimentación en mesocosmos y en coexistencia las que más se aproximan a las condiciones naturales de un cuerpo de agua.

https://doi.org/10.35766/je20235
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